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To be honest, I'm saved to be told that it is not eligible for PSE, is it okay to sell electrical appliances without the PSE mark?

Column example Principles of authentication PSE
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Hello. It is a hori of the manager.

Because of our business, there are many cases where customers ask us if this electrical appliance or material is subject to PSE. If you are looking at this owned media, you will understand, for example, things with USB power supply are not eligible for PSE.

To be honest, I try not to answer those questions. The reason is that
(1) If it is a story of this level, you can immediately understand if you examine it yourself
(2) Basically, consultation is provided on the premise that it is not pse

Of course, since certification is a thing that costs a reasonable cost, basically it may be the real intention of the business operator that they do not want to pay the certification cost, but we can not spend time with it.

I understand that no one wants to authenticate (= I don't want to pay for it), but at the stage of consultation with us, we must be determined to do so before we can proceed.

If you spend time responding to this, you will be neglected to support those who are actually proceeding with certification and preparing for it.

However, on the other hand, we intend to do PSE certification, but naturally we respond to consultations about what kind of test content will be in the first place and how much cost will be required. That's because you can't estimate it unless you check it here.

In that case, we will charge 30,000 yen as a advance payment as an estimate preparation cost, and when it is decided that the estimate is completed and certified, we will deduct it from the whole amount and refund it.

I explained our business flow, but there is also a pattern that turns out that it is not PSE while returning the story to the main subject and examining the certification estimate of the product requested by the customer.

This time, I would like to explain the history of such cases and the good measures that can be taken after that.

Electrical appliances and supplies other than 116 items of specified electrical appliances and 341 items other than specified electrical appliances are not pse

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry's PSE (Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Act) page contains 116 specific electrical appliances and supplies and 341 items other than specified electrical appliances and supplies for each classification of electrical appliances and supplies, along with the following words.

"The range of electrical appliances and materials is subject to each category and item (upper limit of rated power consumption, etc.).

Part of specified electrical appliances and equipment


List of divisions

Electric wires, fuses, wiring equipment, current limiters, small single-phase transformers, electric heaters, electric power application machinery and equipment, electronic application machinery and equipment, electric machinery and equipment for alternating current, portable generators

Some other than specified electrical appliances

List of divisions

Electric wires, conduits and accessories, fuses, wiring equipment, small single-phase transformers, small AC electric motors, electric heaters, electric power applied machinery and equipment, light sources and light source applied machinery and equipment, electronic application machinery and equipment, alternating electrical machinery and equipment, lithium ion storage batteries

Citation: Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Website_Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Act

I feel that there are a lot of target products, but what is common in any case other than specific electrical appliances and specific electrical appliances is basically that both supply power by alternating current. In other words, an outlet (AC cable) is plugged into the power outlet and used.

Alternatively, this includes machines for pulling power (electricity) from electric wires, such as power breakers.

Basically, PSE is a law targeting "electrical appliances" that obtain power supply through ALTERNATING power, and the above items are basically composed of such products.

You may think that at such time, there are some things that are used without plugging in a power outlet even if you say "electrical appliances", and in fact such things are likely to be excluded from PSE.

Typical examples not covered by PSE include things that charge and power with USB or cigar sockets, things that use dry batteries, and things that use AC adapters.

I will write briefly because this area is a little off the main subject, but the main reason why USB and dry batteries are not eligible is basically because the voltage (power consumption) is too low, so to speak, it is treated as a toy because the possibility of an accident is low, and it is not subject to PSE. In other words, it is treated as DIRECT current.

On the other hand, for electrical appliances and supplies that use ac adapters, the product itself does not extend the power outlet from the main unit = The main body is not subject to PSE because it is not an AC, but the AC adapter used for power supply corresponds to specific electrical appliances no. 115 as a "DC power supply device".

In addition, if a new type of electrical appliance or material is developed based on existing electrical appliances and materials for the PSE target product classification table, for example, it will be applied to any of the existing products (forcibly) or not covered by the PSE.

Recently, the view has begun to appear that portable storage batteries of the type generated by solar power generation are not subject to PSE.

The views of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) on whether or not each product is subject to PSE are posted on the following page. Perhaps, I don't think that the electrical appliances you handle are exactly true, but I think it is interesting to take a look at them from time to time.

About the element "electric heater" of the classification of the type of the electric massager (answer example)

Citation: Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry homepage_Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Act_Examples of interpretations of objects and non-objects

 

In the first place, mobile batteries were not eligible for PSE at first

Recently, there is a mobile battery that has been talked about one after another, but it was in February 2019 that it was also subject to PSE.

In the first place, since mobile batteries are supplied by DIRECT current, it seems that they are not subject to PSE in principle, but the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has stipulated that portable generators and storage batteries are PSE targets.

As mentioned earlier, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has decided to start regulating pse in light of the large number of accidents involving mobile batteries (lithium-ion batteries) and the dramatic expansion of demand in the future.

I think it is good to remember that the judgment of whether or not pse targets is based on the policy judgment of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.

 

Two responses when it is judged that electrical appliances and materials are not subject to PSE

Well, the problem with it is when the product is found to be not pse after repeated confirmation. From the requester's, I'm lucky because it is not PSE and there is no inspection cost! I think that will come true, but there will be new problems again.

Issued a certificate that is not eligible for PSE

Most operators are not familiar with the need for PSE for products that use electricity, but somehow they will have such a recognition.

Then, it can be easily imagined that the number of things that can not be trusted if it is only escaping inspections will increase no matter how much it explains, "This electrical appliance and material is not covered by PSE".

Then, it is consulted that it wants you to do a PSE inspection, but as an inspection organization, it becomes its own credit problem, so basically we do not do it to forcibly inspect things that are not subject to PSE and issue PSE certificates.

Some unscrupulous inspection agencies may do this, but proper inspection agencies will never do that, and inspection agencies that try to issue cheat certificates will be skeptical of the original inspection content.

In that case, please inform the specifications of electrical appliances and appliances that you are trying to handle with the Japanese inspection body: JET (General Foundation Electrical Safety and Environment Research Institute) and get a response that it is not subject to PSE.

It is a fairly simple document, but you can still get JET's approval that it is not eligible for PSE, so I think that you can promote electrical appliances and materials with it.

Conduct a request test (self-inspection) on the safety of electrical appliances and materials

In the first place, if we reconsider why PSE exists, the purpose is to inspect the dangerous areas of electrical appliances and materials in order to ensure the safety of the electrical appliances and materials. Of course, it costs money, but the main premise is there.

In such a case, it is a story that does not inspect anything because it is not covered by PSE, but it is also true that it is dangerous to use because it is an electrical appliance and material.

In short, even if you sell the electrical appliances as it is just because it is not covered by PSE, the agent will not purchase it. It may be good if it is about a trial purchase, but if it is something that you do not know whether it is really safe over there, it is natural to reluctance to purchase.

As I wrote earlier, of course, it depends on the product, but in any case, the more complex the product, the more it is tested and the confidence level to the business partner increases, so it will be convenient for the business operator.

In such a case, for example, there is a method of having the inspection agency report the safety of the product as a request test and getting a certificate, for example, there is a test for the jet mentioned earlier to prove the high safety of the product called S-JET certification.

In addition to this S-JET certification, there is also A THING called S-JQA certification by JQA (Japan Quality Assurance Organization). I would like to explain these at another opportunity.

However, the latter S certification is quite reliable after certification, but on the other hand, the difficulty is also very high, and the cost is also incurred accordingly, so it is also true that it is difficult to realize it unless it is a major manufacturer.

In terms of ensuring safety first, I think it is possible that there is a flow of conducting commissions to inspection institutions overseas and other countries.

When importing electrical products, I would like you to work with such a broad perspective, and we would appreciate it if you could feel free to contact us about any questions.

It is not known whether the PSE will continue permanently thereafter, so periodic confirmation is required

Finally, the determination of whether or not a PSE object is not permanently different. The mobile battery mentioned above is a good example.

It will change accordingly depending on the flow of the times, the evolution of products, etc.

Even if it is not covered by PSE once, it may change later, so it is recommended that you take a peek at the information of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry once in a while or consult with an agency company like our company.

We believe that such detailed information gathering will lead to the prosperity of the company.

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